Adult Kidney Transplant
Trusted Treatment and Care | Who is a Candidate? | Kidney Transplant Evaluation at UMMC
The University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC) offers the largest kidney transplant program in Maryland. With our good results after surgery, most patients quickly get back to a normal lifestyle.
Because we manage transplants for so many patients, we offer an extensive living kidney donation program. Our services include kidney exchange, which lets donors offer a kidney even if they are not compatible with their chosen recipient.
UMMC offers trusted techniques and innovations in kidney transplant. Benefits of our program include:
- Advanced surgical techniques: We use the latest surgical techniques and tools, including laparoscopic and robotic surgery. These treatments minimize recovery time and help us perform more complex surgeries. Learn more about our innovative kidney transplant treatments.
- Good outcomes for high-risk patients: We try to get a transplant for every patient who qualifies. Our living donor transplant outcomes – the length of time a recipient lives a healthy life with a donor organ – are excellent. Our outcomes for deceased donor transplant are also very good, even among patients who have been turned down by other centers.
- Living donor kidney donation with smallest possible incisions: We were the first hospital in Maryland, and the third in the U.S., to offer single-incision laparoscopic living kidney donation. Learn more about living donor kidney transplant.
- Dialysis access: For patients who require dialysis before transplant, the same UMMC surgeons who perform transplants also perform the surgery to create access for dialysis treatment. These surgeons have a deep understanding of kidney function and can provide continuous care from dialysis through transplant. Learn more about dialysis access.
- Specialized kidney care: Our team has experience performing parathyroidectomies, a surgery to remove the parathyroid (a small organ that can become hyperactive when a person experiences renal failure). We work closely with nephrologists, or kidney specialists, who are familiar with immunosuppression and other issues common among kidney transplant recipients.
- Ongoing clinical trials: Patients can participate in clinical trials for immunotherapies and drug treatments. Learn more about research and clinical trials.
- Combined transplants: We can offer patients transplants of multiple organs, including liver transplant, pancreas transplant, heart transplant and lung transplant.
You may be a candidate for kidney transplant if you are experiencing one of the following conditions:
- End stage renal disease (ESRD): People who lose 90 to 95 percent of their kidney function are considered to have ESRD. At this point, life-saving treatment becomes necessary. Treatment options for patients with ESRD are dialysis (where an artificial kidney machine removes waste from the blood) or a kidney transplant from a living or deceased donor. UMMC offers both kidney transplant and skilled dialysis access.
- Loss of most kidney function: Sometimes, a patient who has lost 85 percent of kidney function will undergo a transplant. This allows them to avoid dialysis.
- Type 1 diabetes and dialysis: Patients with Type 1 diabetes may have a combined pancreas and kidney transplant.
- Kidney failure and HIV- or hepatitis C-positive: Patients who are HIV-positive or hepatitis C-positive may be eligible for transplant at UMMC.
Learn more about end-stage kidney disease and what to expect during a kidney transplant.
We evaluate you individually to decide if a kidney transplant is the right treatment for you. We understand that time is valuable when you are facing serious kidney disease. We work to complete your evaluation in a single day, so you can focus on your health.
At UMMC, kidney transplant patients having an evaluation will:
- Have flexibility in scheduling your evaluation to accommodate your dialysis schedule, if you are on dialysis
- Complete lab work and see all medical providers in a single day, including the surgeon, social worker, nutritionist and transplant coordinators
- Finish the evaluation day in 4 hours at the hospital, compared to 12 hours or more at many other centers
- Meet with the surgeons who will perform your operation
- Meet the social worker who will help you and your family address the many complex social, personal and financial issues that arise for transplant patients
- Meet the nurse coordinators who are involved in your pre-transplant screening and stay involved throughout your years of follow-up care. These coordinators will be available to you 24 hours a day throughout your participation in the kidney transplant program.
- If approved, be ready to receive organ offers about 30 days from your initial evaluation. In some cases, we can get donor/recipient pairs from evaluation to transplant in 14 days.
Learn more about what to expect:
For additional information about our kidney transplant program or to speak to someone about becoming a living kidney donor, please call 1-410-328-5408 or 1-800-492-5538.
If you are interested in becoming a living kidney donor, please download our questionnaire:
For referring physicians: To refer a patient or get more information, please call 1-800-373-4111. A physician service representative from Consultation and Referral Services will direct your call to the appropriate physician or department.
For more details, please visit our section for referring physicians.