What causes hair loss?
Hair loss is believed to be primarily caused by a combination of:
Generally, the earlier hair loss begins, the more severe the baldness will become.
Hair loss is not caused by:
What is hair replacement surgery?
The interest in hair replacement has significantly increased in recent years. Two out of every three men and one in five women suffer from hair loss. For men, the main cause of a diminishing hairline is heredity. Hormonal changes such as menopause can cause both thinning and hair loss in women.
There are a number of hair replacement techniques that are available, although hair replacement surgery can not help those who suffer from total baldness. Candidates for hair replacement must have a healthy growth of hair at the back and sides of the head. The hair on the back and sides of the head will serve as hair donor areas where grafts and flaps will be taken.
There are four primary different types of hair replacement methods, including:
Tissue expansion - in this procedure, a device called a tissue expander is placed underneath a hair-bearing area that is located next to a bald area. After several weeks, the tissue expander causes the skin to grow new skin cells. Another operation is then required placing the newly expanded skin over the adjacent bald spot.
Possible complications associated with hair transplantation procedures:
About the procedure:
Location options include:
- Surgeon's office-based surgical facility
- Outpatient surgery center
- Hospital outpatient
- Hospital inpatient
Anesthetic options include:
- General anesthesia
- Local anesthesia, combined with a sedative (allows the patient to remain awake but relaxed) for adults
Probable length of procedure: Several surgical sessions are usually needed to achieve satisfactory fullness, with a healing interval of several months recommended between each session. It may take up to two years before seeing the final result with a full transplant series.
Recovery period: Plugged or grafted hair falls out within a month or two after surgery, which is normal and almost always temporary. After hair falls out, it generally takes another month or more before hair growth resumes. A surgical touch-up procedure may be needed to create more natural-looking results after the initial incisions have healed. This may involve blending, a filling-in of the hairline using a combination of mini-grafts, micro-grafts, or slit grafts.