Nervous System Overview

The nervous system is a complex, sophisticated system that regulates and coordinates body activities. It is made up of two major divisions:

  • central nervous system - consisting of the brain and spinal cord

  • peripheral nervous system - consisting of all other neural elements

In addition to the brain and spinal cord, principal organs of the nervous system are:

Photo of an eye


Photo of an ear


Photo of a female mouth

sensory organs of taste

Photo of a nose

sensory organs of smell

Photo of a hand

sensory receptors in skin, joints, muscles, and other parts of the body

The nervous system is vulnerable to various disorders. Because of its complexity and the high technology used in evaluation and treatment of its disorders, the branches of medicine, physician specialists, and clinical services that manage it are as numerous and varied as the disorders and conditions.

We provide comprehensive care for people who suffer from clinical conditions of the nervous system. From headaches to epilepsy, neuralgia to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or Parkinson's disease to Bell's palsy, our neurology, neurosurgery, and rehabilitation medicine programs offer the latest options in care to the people of this community.

For more information about the University of Maryland Departments of Neurology and Neurosurgery, or to make an appointment, call the University Physicians Consultation and Referral Service at 1-800-492-5538 (patients) or 1-800-373-4111 (physicians).