What is Neurosurgery

What is Neurosurgery?

Neurological surgery is the branch of medicine that provides both operative and non-operative management of disorders that affect the central and peripheral nervous systems, including their supportive structures and vascular supply, and the operative and non-operative management of pain.

Click here to visit the The University of Maryland Department of Neurosurgery.

Neurologists treat disorders of the brain, spinal cord and nerves. Neurological surgery encompasses disorders of the brain, spine, and nerves. Some of these disorders are listed below. For more information about any of these disorders, visit the Treatment Programs section of our site.

  • the extracranial carotid and vertebral arteries

  • disorders of the pituitary gland

  • disorders of the spinal cord, meninges, and spine, including those which may require treatment by spinal fusion or instrumentation

  • disorders of the cranial and spinal nerves throughout their distributions

  • disorders of the autonomic nervous system

The surgeon who specializes in neurological surgery is called a neurosurgeon or neurological surgeon.

For more information about the University of Maryland Departments of Neurology and Neurosurgery, or to make an appointment, call the University Physicians Consultation and Referral Service at 1-800-492-5538 (patients) or 1-800-373-4111 (physicians).