Laparoscopy, a surgical technique where a small camera, usually between 5 and 10 mm (less than ½ inch), is inserted into a patient's abdomen for the purpose of the visualization of the pelvic and abdominal anatomy, diagnosis of a disease condition, and treatment of such condition by a minimally invasive approach. Several small incisions (less than ¼ inch) are made in the bikini line for the introduction of laparoscopic instruments, such as laparoscopic scissors, scalpel, etc.
Multiple gynecologic procedures and surgeries that are routinely done by an open technique can be potentially done by laparoscope, including:
- Removal of the uterus (laparoscopic hysterectomy)
- Removal of the fibroids (laparoscopic myomectomy)
- Surgical treatment of ovarian cysts (laparoscopic cystectomy)
- Ectopic pregnancy
- Treatment of endometriosis and pelvic pain (laparoscopic presacral neurectomy)
These are just a few examples of the laparoscopic surgeries in the field of gynecology.
There are a number of advantages to the patient with laparoscopic surgery versus an open procedure:
- Smaller incisions, leading to shorter recovery time and less post-operative pain
- Less pain medication needed due to less post-operative pain.
- Reducing blood loss, potentially lowering the the chance of needing a blood transfusion
- Shorter hospital stays, and often with a same day discharge.
- Reduced exposure of internal organs, thus reducing the risk of infection.
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