Electives and Research Opportunities
Residents choose from a wide variety of traditional electives in the medical subspecialties where they have inpatient and outpatient responsibilities. Our entire competency-based curriculum is web-based and can be accessed at Core Written Curriculum. Residents may elect a variety of traditional electives, such as:
- Critical Care and Procedures
- Geriatric Medicine
- Hospital Medicine
- Infectious Diseases (general, HIV, oncology, transplant)
- International Health
- Medical Consultation
- Occupational Medicine
- Orthopedics / Sports Medicine
- Psychiatry Liaison
- Pulmonary Medicine
- Rehabilitation Medicine
- Women's Health
Residents are encouraged to create their own electives that meet their educational needs - whether at Maryland or other sites around the country and the globe. Other innovative electives that are available include:
Under the supervision of general internists and gynecologists, residents learn skills in office gynecology, evaluation and management of breast abnormalities, endocrinologic problems and identification of spouse abuse and domestic violence.
Hospital Medicine and Elective in Critical Care and Procedures
These two electives provide additional training for those interested in a career in hospitalist practice. Residents learn the art of medical consultation and perioperative medical management under the guidance of academic hospitalists. They participate in quality assurance projects and learn about the business aspect of hospital practice. During the critical care and procedure elective, residents gain skills in common procedures, such as central lines, LP's and paracenteses, and work closely with our critical care physicians. In addition, they provide consultation in other ICU's at UMMC, such as the surgical and cardiothoracic intensive care unit.
Under the supervision of specialists in Occupational Medicine, residents may elect a wide variety of activities including evaluation of patients with job related illnesses, working with physicians at health facilities at industrial plants in Baltimore and participating in ongoing research. See the Occupational Health Programs for more information about their programs. In addition, residents interested in a career in Occupational Medicine may link their curriculum at UMMC to the Occupational and Environmental Medicine Residency at Johns Hopkins University.
Under the supervision of the geriatrics faculty, residents participate in a multidisciplinary clinic evaluation of the elderly, engage in inpatient consultations, and care for patients in the geriatrics inpatient unit and nursing home. At the Baltimore Rehabilitation Education Clinical Center (BRECC), residents work with the elderly in a nursing home and require chronic medical care. Outpatient clinics provide residents with training on the management of frail elderly, osteoporosis and older patients with multiple comorbidities. Residents may also participate in the Division of Gerontology's active research in exercise physiology, obesity, menopause, metabolism and cardiovascular disease prevention.
HIV Service, Transplant Infectious Diseases and International Health
In addition to standard electives in Infectious Diseases, residents may spend time with the Transplant ID service and manage patients undergoing organ transplantation. On the HIV service, residents perform inpatient consultations and care for patients in a series of very active outpatient clinics. Lastly, by designing an elective in International Health through the Division of Geographic Medicine and the Institute of Human Virology, residents may travel to research stations in Haiti, Central and South America, and Africa to engage in clinical and research activities. Through an endowment, funds are available to support travel for residents for international electives.
As the academic medical center with one of the largest number of renal transplants performed annually in the US, residents have the opportunity for a vast clinical experience on this elective. Residents learn the basics of transplant biology, the evaluation of patients for transplantation, and the prevention and management of post-transplant complications. Residents work on an interdisciplinary team along with transplant nephrologists, infectious disease experts and surgeons.
Residents are encouraged to engage in clinical or basic science research during their training. Through our comprehensive mentoring program, our residents have been very successful in these endeavors presenting their abstracts at national scientific meetings and publishing in peer-reviewed journals.
Residents receive close supervision by their preceptor throughout all phases of the research project, learning the process from hypothesis development to IRB submission through experimentation, data collection and analysis, and formal writing for presentation and publication. At the Resident Research Forum, residents present their work-in-progress to peers and faculty. This conference provides residents with valuable experience in public speaking and also informs other residents of the myriad of research available at Maryland. With these opportunities and through our mentoring program, we produce a compilation of resident research, vignettes, essays and poems in our annual journal. All residents are encouraged to present their research and clinical vignettes at the spring meeting of the Maryland chapter of the American College of Physicians. Over 45 residents presented posters or delivered oral reports at this meeting in May. Our residents consistently win prizes at the regional meeting and have also been sponsored to attend the national ACP meeting to present their work. Several residents each year are supported to present their abstracts at various national meetings. The full listing of abstracts and publications for 2015-2016 can be found here.
With the approval of the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM), residents may train in the clinical sciences and clinical or biomedical research through the ABIM Research Pathway. This leads to certification in internal medicine after 2 years of clinical training plus at least 2 years of research in the setting of a subspecialty fellowship. Special requirements apply to each of the subspecialties. Several of our fellowship programs have T-32 grants that allow for a seamless pathway from residency through fellowship to an academic career. Residents accepted into this track are closely mentored by the Director of our Physician Scientist Program in the Department of Medicine.
If you are interested in applying to the ABIM Research Pathway, see our Application Process to complete a Supplemental Application. Also review the ABIM Requirements for this pathway for more information.
Ph.D. Program for Clinicians
The PhD Program for Clinicians provides a rigorous, accelerated curriculum to train medical scientists for careers in basic or translational research in association with the research component of existing accredited residency and fellowship programs. PhD's are awarded through the Graduate Program in Life Sciences. These programs include: Biochemistry, Molecular Medicine, Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Neuroscience, Physical Therapy and Rehabilitative Science, Epidemiology, Gerontology and Toxicology. See the Ph.D. Program for Clinicians for more information.