Trasplante de córnea - Serie

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Anatomía normal

La córnea es la cubierta transparente del ojo sobre el iris y la pupila.

Anatomía normal

Indicaciones

El trasplante de córnea se recomienda cuando:

  • Hay infección severa, lesión, daño o cicatrización de la córnea
  • Las córneas no permiten que pase la luz (opacas), como proceso posterior a una cirugía del cristalino (ver cirugía de cataratas), infecciones y enfermedades hereditarias de la córnea
Indicaciones

Incisión

El trasplante de córnea se practica cuando el paciente se encuentra despierto y sin sentir dolor (bajo anestesia local). Se hace una incisión en el borde exterior de la córnea.

Incisión

Procedimiento

Se retira la córnea dañada y se sutura el injerto corneal. Este injerto es un trasplante de un donante que ha sufrido muerte cerebral y se le mantiene vivo con respirador artificial.

Procedimiento

Cuidados postoperatorios

Las córneas trasplantadas tienen una expectativa larga de vida. Los beneficios de un trasplante corneal son significativos; uno de estos beneficios es el mejoramiento considerable en la visión.

Cuidados postoperatorios

Version Info

  • Last reviewed on 9/3/2012
  • Brian S. Boxer Wachler, MD, Opthamologist, Boxler Wachler Vision Institute, Beverly Hills, California; Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington; Franklin W. Lusby, MD, Ophthalmologist, Lusby Vision Institute, La Jolla, California. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.

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This page was last updated: May 20, 2014

         
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