Episiotomía - Serie

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Anatomía normal

Los genitales externos femeninos son los labios, la abertura del canal vaginal y el clítoris. Durante el nacimiento, el canal vaginal se expande para dar a luz al bebé.

Anatomía normal

Incisión

Una episiotomía se puede necesitar si la cabeza del bebé es demasiado grande para la abertura vaginal de la madre o si el bebé viene en presentación de nalgas (los glúteos o los pies salen primero) y hay un problema durante el parto.

Justo antes de que el bebé nazca y mientras la mujer está despierta y sin dolor (anestesia local), se hace una incisión en la parte inferior de la abertura vaginal con el fin de ampliarla para la salida de la cabeza del bebé.

Incisión

Cuidados postoperatorios

Se utilizan suturas para cerrar la incisión después de que tanto el bebé como la placenta hayan salido. Estas suturas son absorbidas por el cuerpo y no necesitan quitarse. 

Cuidados postoperatorios

Version Info

  • Last Reviewed on 09/12/2011
  • Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington, School of Medicine; and Susan Storck, MD, FACOG, Chief, Eastside Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound, Redmond, Washington; Clinical Teaching Faculty, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

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This page was last updated: June 18, 2013

         
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