Craneotomía - Serie

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Anatomía normal

El cerebro (encéfalo) está localizado dentro del cráneo, el cual está formado por una serie de huesos. El cráneo protege y sostiene el cerebro.

Anatomía normal

Indicaciones

La cirugía de cerebro se lleva a cabo para tratar:

  • Tumores cerebrales
  • Sangrado (hemorragia) o coágulos de sangre producidos por lesiones (hematoma subdural o epidural)
  • Debilidad de los vasos sanguíneos (aneurisma cerebral)
  • Daño en los tejidos que cubren el cerebro (duramadre)
  • Cavidades infectadas en el cerebro (abcesos cerebrales)
  • Dolor severo nervioso o facial (neuralgia del trigémino o tic doloroso)
  • Epilepsia
Indicaciones

Procedimiento

La craneotomía es un procedimiento quirúrgico que permite entrar al cerebro a través del cráneo. Se afeita el cuero cabelludo para practicar una incisión y luego se hace una perforación a través del cráneo. Se quita un pedazo del cráneo mientras el cerebro es operado y se vuelve a colocar antes de suturar el cuero cabelludo.

Procedimiento

Cuidados postoperatorios

Los resultados dependen del origen, la severidad y la ubicación del problema.

Cuidados postoperatorios

Version Info

  • Last reviewed on 2/9/2011
  • Luc Jasmin, MD, PhD, Department of Neurosurgery at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, and Department of Anatomy at UCSF, San Francisco, CA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

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This page was last updated: May 20, 2014

         
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