Sustancia negra y el mal de Parkinson

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Sustancia negra y el mal de Parkinson

El mal de Parkinson es un trastorno lentamente progresivo que afecta el movimiento, el control muscular y el equilibrio. Parte del proceso patológico se desarrolla a medida que las células son destruidas en ciertas partes del tallo cerebral, particularmente la masa de células en media luna, conocida como sustancia negra. Las células nerviosas en la sustancia negra envían fibras a los tejidos localizados en ambos lados del cerebro y allí las células liberan neurotransmisores esenciales que ayudan a controlar el movimiento y la coordinación.

Sustancia negra y el mal de Parkinson

Version Info

  • Last reviewed on 9/26/2011
  • A.D.A.M. Health Solutions Editorial Team, Ebix, Inc.: David Zieve, MD, MHA, and David R. Eltz. Previously reviewed by Luc Jasmin, MD, PhD, Department of Neurosurgery at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, and Department of Anatomy at UCSF, San Francisco, CA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network (9/26/2011).

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This page was last updated: May 20, 2014

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