Sistema nervioso

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Sistema nervioso

La neuropatía periférica no es una enfermedad en particular, sino la manifestación de muchas condiciones que deterioran los nervios periféricos (tejido nervioso diferente al cerebro y la médula espinal). Los síntomas dependen de si los nervios sensoriales (los nervios que transmiten la información sensorial del cuerpo al cerebro y a la médula espinal) o los nervios motores (los nervios que transmiten los impulsos desde el cerebro y la médula espinal al cuerpo) resultan afectados. Si los nervios sensoriales resultan dañados, puede haber disminución, desaparición o anomalías de la sensación. El deterioro de los nervios motores impide el movimiento o la función. La neuropatía periférica puede ser causada por lesiones directas o indirectas o por una causa sistémica, tal como un trastorno metabólico.

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  • Last Reviewed on 08/26/2012
  • Luc Jasmin, MD, PhD, Department of Neurosurgery at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, and Department of Anatomy at UCSF, San Francisco, CA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.

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This page was last updated: May 7, 2013

         
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