Síndrome de Marfan

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El síndrome de Marfan es un trastorno del tejido conectivo el cual causa defectos esqueléticos que se reflejan en el típico aspecto alto y larguirucho que presenta la persona. En ella pueden observarse extremidades largas y dedos en forma de araña, anomalías en el pecho, curvatura de la columna y un grupo particular de rasgos faciales que incluyen un paladar con arco muy elevado y dientes apiñados. El defecto más significativo en este síndrome es la presencia de anomalías cardiovasculares, entre las cuales está el agrandamiento o dilatación de la base de la aorta. Debido a que el síndrome de Marfan es usualmente un trastorno hereditario, los futuros padres que tengan antecedentes familiares de este síndrome deben buscar asesoramiento genético.

Version Info

  • Last Reviewed on 04/30/2012
  • Chad Haldeman-Englert, MD, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Section on Medical Genetics, Winston-Salem, NC. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.

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This page was last updated: September 18, 2013

         
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