Retinopatía hipertensiva

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Retinopatía hipertensiva

El daño a la retina a causa de la presión sanguínea alta se llama retinopatía hipertensiva y se presenta a medida que la presión sanguínea alta existente provoca cambios en la microvasculatura de la retina. Algunos de los primeros hallazgos en esta enfermedad son las hemorragias en llama y las manchas algodonosas. A medida que la retinopatía hipertensiva progresa, pueden aparecer exudados duros alrededor de la mácula junto con la hinchazón de ésta y del nervio óptico, causando deterioro de la visión. En casos severos, se puede presentar daño permanente al nervio óptico o a la mácula.

Retinopatía hipertensiva

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  • Last reviewed on 8/31/2010
  • Franklin W. Lusby, MD, Ophthalmologist, Lusby Vision Institute, La Jolla, California. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

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This page was last updated: May 20, 2014

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