Gastrectomía

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Gastrectomía

El estómago conecta el esófago con el intestino delgado y actúa descomponiendo el alimento en pequeñas partículas que pueden ser absorbidas por el intestino delgado. En caso de problemas estomacales crónicos, tales como úlceras, obesidad o cáncer se puede indicar la extirpación parcial o total del estómago. En el procedimiento, la porción enferma del estómago se elimina y el intestino delgado es adherido a la parte del estómago restante para mantener la integridad del tracto digestivo. Se le coloca al paciente una sonda nasogástrica para mantener el estómago vacío y en reposo después de la cirugía. Después de varios días y cuando el estómago vuelva a funcionar normalmente, se extrae la sonda y el paciente comienza a ingerir alimentos líquidos claros y, gradualmente, progresa hacia una dieta completa y normal.

Version Info

  • Last Reviewed on 08/14/2012
  • Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.

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This page was last updated: May 7, 2013

         
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