Fractura de cráneo

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Fractura de cráneo

Aunque el cráneo es duro, elástico y provee excelente protección al cerebro, un impacto o golpe severo puede producir fractura de cráneo, la cual puede ir acompañada por una lesión cerebral. Algunos de los diferentes tipos de fractura de cráneo son, entre otras:

  • Simple: rotura en el hueso sin dañar la piel.
  • Lineal o del contorno del cuero cabelludo: rotura en un hueso craneal que se asemeja a una línea delgada sin esquirlas, depresiones o distorsión del hueso.
  • Deprimida: rotura en un hueso craneal (o porción "aplastada" del cráneo) con depresión del hueso hacia el cerebro.
  • Compuesta: rotura con pérdida de la piel y esquirlas del hueso. Se puede presentar conjuntamente con la fractura una lesión cerebral, tal como un hematoma subdural (sangrado).

Version Info

  • Last Reviewed on 01/08/2012
  • Jacob L. Heller, MD, MHA, Emergency Medicine, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, Washington. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

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This page was last updated: June 26, 2013

         
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