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La epiglotis es un colgajo de cartílago localizado en la garganta detrás de la lengua y al frente de la laringe, y generalmente está derecha en reposo permitiendo que el aire pase a la laringe y a los pulmones. Cuando una persona traga, la epiglotis se dobla hacia atrás para cubrir la entrada de la laringe, de tal manera que los alimentos sólidos y líquidos no ingresen a la tráquea y a los pulmones. Después de deglutir, la epiglotis retorna a su posición derecha original.


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  • Last reviewed on 7/16/2011
  • Jacob L. Heller, MD, MHA, Emergency Medicine, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, Washington. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

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This page was last updated: May 20, 2014

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