Riesgos para la salud en el embarazo

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Información

Si usted está tratando de quedar en embarazo, debe tratar de tener hábitos saludables desde el momento en que lo está intentando y a lo largo de todo el embarazo. No consuma tabaco ni drogas ilícitas, suspenda el consumo de alcohol y reduzca la cafeína y el café. Hable con el médico acerca de cualquier medicamento que pueda estar tomando para ver si puede afectar al feto. Consuma una dieta bien balanceada y tome suplementos vitamínicos con al menos 400 mcg de ácido fólico al día.

Riesgos de salud ocasionados por el tabaco

Si tiene algún problema médico crónico (como

, problemas renales o ), hable con el médico antes de intentar quedar embarazada.

Fuentes de vitamina B9

La consulta médica prenatal antes de tratar de quedar en embarazo o a comienzos de éste puede ayudar a prevenir o detectar y controlar riesgos de salud para la madre y el feto durante el embarazo.

Los hombres también necesitan ser cuidadosos, ya que el tabaquismo y el alcohol pueden causarle problemas al feto. Además, se ha demostrado que el tabaquismo y el consumo de alcohol o marihuana disminuyen el conteo de espermatozoides.

Referencias

Cunningham FG, Leveno KJ, Bloom SL, et al. Preconceptional counseling. In: Cunnigham FG, Leveno KL, Bloom SL, et al, eds. Williams Obstetrics. 23rd ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2010:chap 7.

Jack BW, Atrash H, Coonrod DV, et al. The clinical content of preconception care: an overview and preparation of this supplement. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2008;199:S266-S279.

Version Info

  • Last reviewed on 9/12/2011
  • Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington, School of Medicine; Susan Storck, MD, FACOG, Chief, Eastside Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound, Bellevue, Washington; Clinical Teaching Faculty, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

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