Resfriados, gripe y antibióticos

Toggle: English / Spanish


Los resfriados y las gripes NO se curan con antibióticos.

Nombres alternativos

Antibióticos con resfriados y gripe


Los antibióticos combaten las infecciones bacterianas, pero no tratan infecciones virales como los

y la . Si usted padece una infección viral, los antibióticos NO lo mejorarán.

Los antibióticos pueden destruir las bacterias normales ("saludables") que viven en el cuerpo, lo que puede producir síntomas como náuseas, diarrea y candidiasis vaginales.

El uso excesivo de antibióticos ha jugado un papel en el aumento de infecciones bacterianas resistentes a los medicamentos. Tomar antibióticos también ofrece un riesgo de reacción alérgica, así que no se deben tomar cuando no existe ningún posible beneficio.


Anon JB. Upper Respiratory Infections. American Journal of Medicine. April 2010;123(4):suppl 1.

Lindell A, Kelsberg G, Safranek S. Antibiotics for viral upper respiratory tractinfections in children. Am Fam Physician. 2011;83(6):747-752.

Version Info

  • Last reviewed on 5/15/2012
  • Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.

A.D.A.M., Inc. is accredited by URAC, also known as the American Accreditation HealthCare Commission ( URAC's accreditation program is an independent audit to verify that A.D.A.M. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. A.D.A.M. is among the first to achieve this important distinction for online health information and services. Learn more about A.D.A.M.'s editorial policy, editorial process and privacy policy. A.D.A.M. is also a founding member of Hi-Ethics and subscribes to the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- 2013 A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.