Pitiriasis rubra pilaris

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Definición

Es un trastorno cutáneo que produce inflamación y descamación (exfoliación) constante de la piel.

Nombres alternativos

Causas

Hay muchos tipos diferentes de pitiriasis rubra pilaris. La causa se desconoce, aunque es posible que intervengan factores.

Síntomas

La pitiriasis rubra pilaris es una afección cutánea crónica en la cual se presentan parches rosados y escamosos y piel gruesa en las manos y los pies.

Las áreas escamosas rosadas cubren gran parte del cuerpo. Se ven pequeñas islas de piel normal dentro de las áreas de piel rosada y escamosa.

Pruebas y exámenes

Tratamiento

Las cremas tópicas que contienen urea o ácido láctico pueden servir. Con mayor frecuencia, el tratamiento incluye tomar pastillas por vía oral tales como isotretinoína, acitretina o metotrexato.

Grupos de apoyo

Expectativas (pronóstico)

Posibles complicaciones

Cuándo contactar a un profesional médico

Prevención

Referencias

James WD, Berger TG, Elston DM, eds. Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology. 11th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier Saunders; 2011:chap 11.

Version Info

  • Last reviewed on 4/13/2013
  • Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.

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This page was last updated: May 20, 2014

         
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