Pitiriasis rubra pilaris

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Definición

Es un trastorno cutáneo que produce inflamación y descamación (exfoliación) constante de la piel.

Nombres alternativos

Causas

Hay muchos tipos diferentes de pitiriasis rubra pilaris. La causa se desconoce, aunque los factores genéticos pueden jugar un papel.

Síntomas

La pitiriasis rubra pilaris es una afección cutánea crónica en la cual se presentan parches rosados y escamosos y piel gruesa en las manos y los pies.

Las áreas escamosas rosadas cubren gran parte del cuerpo. Se ven pequeñas "islas" de piel normal dentro de las áreas de piel rosada y escamosa.

Pruebas y exámenes

Tratamiento

Las cremas tópicas que contienen urea o ácido láctico pueden servir. Con mayor frecuencia, el tratamiento incluye tomar pastillas por vía oral tales como isotretinoína, acitretina o metotrexato.

Grupos de apoyo

Pronóstico

Posibles complicaciones

Cuándo contactar a un profesional médico

Prevención

Referencias

Pityriasis Rosea, Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris, and Other Papulosquamous and Hyperkeratotic Diseases. In: James WD, Berger TG, Elston DM, eds. Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology. 11th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 11.

Version Info

  • Last Reviewed on 05/13/2011
  • Kevin Berman, MD, PhD, Atlanta Center for Dermatologic Disease, Atlanta, GA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

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This page was last updated: May 31, 2013

         
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