Iones

Toggle: English / Spanish

Definición

Son átomos o grupos de átomos que tienen una carga eléctrica. Los iones con una carga positiva se denominan cationes y los que tienen carga negativa se denomina aniones.

El cuerpo contiene iones en forma de muchas sustancias normales. Los ejemplos comunes incluyen sodio, potasio, calcio, cloruro y bicarbonato. (Ver: electrólitos)

Los iones se pueden crear utilizando radiación, como los rayos X. La radiación ionizante se utiliza frecuentemente para procedimientos diagnósticos o terapéuticos.

Nombres alternativos

Cationes; aniones

Información

Referencias

Version Info

  • Last reviewed on 8/3/2013
  • David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

A.D.A.M., Inc. is accredited by URAC, also known as the American Accreditation HealthCare Commission (www.urac.org). URAC's accreditation program is an independent audit to verify that A.D.A.M. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. A.D.A.M. is among the first to achieve this important distinction for online health information and services. Learn more about A.D.A.M.'s editorial policy, editorial process and privacy policy. A.D.A.M. is also a founding member of Hi-Ethics and subscribes to the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch)

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- 2013 A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

This page was last updated: May 20, 2014

         
Average rating (8)