Hipocromía

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Definición

Hipocromía significa que los glóbulos rojos tienen menos color de lo normal al examinarlos bajo un microscopio. Esto generalmente ocurre cuando no hay suficiente cantidad del pigmento que transporta el oxígeno (hemoglobina) en dichos glóbulos rojos.

La causa más común de hipocromía en los Estados Unidos es la insuficiencia de hierro en el cuerpo (deficiencia de hierro). Sin tratamiento, esto puede llevar a un trastorno llamado anemia ferropénica.

La causa de la hipocromía debe ser evaluada por parte de un médico.

Nombres alternativos

Forma en que se realiza el examen

Preparación para el examen

Lo que se siente durante el examen

Razones por las que se realiza el examen

Valores normales

Significado de los resultados anormales

Riesgos

Consideraciones

Referencias

Brittenham GM. Disorders of iron homeostasis: iron deficiency and overload. In: Hoffman R, Benz EJ Jr, Silberstein LE, et al., eds. Hematology: Basic Principles and Practice. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier Saunders; 2012:chap 34.

Ginder GD. Microcytic and hypochromic anemias. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman's Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier Saunders; 2011:chap 162.

Version Info

  • Last reviewed on 2/24/2014
  • Todd Gersten, MD, Hematology/Oncology, Florida Cancer Specialists & Research Institute, Wellington, FL. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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This page was last updated: May 20, 2014

         
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