Hipocromía

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Definición

Es una afección por la que los glóbulos rojos tienen menos color de lo normal al examinarlos bajo un microscopio. Esto generalmente ocurre cuando no hay suficiente cantidad del pigmento que transporta el oxígeno (hemoglobina) en dichos glóbulos rojos.

La causa más común de hipocromía en los Estados Unidos es la deficiencia de hierro. La causa de esta afección debe ser evaluada por el médico.

Ver también: Anemia ferropénica

Nombres alternativos

Forma en que se realiza el examen

Preparación para el examen

Lo que se siente durante el examen

Razones por las que se realiza el examen

Valores normales

Significado de los resultados anormales

Consideraciones

Referencias

Gallagher PG. Hemolytic anemias:  red cell membrane and metabolic defects In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 164.

Brittenham G. Disorders of iron metabolism: iron deficiency and iron overload. In: Hoffman R, Benz EJ, Shattil SS, et al, eds. Hematology: Basic Principles and Practice. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone; 2008:chap 36.

Version Info

  • Last Reviewed on 02/08/2012
  • Todd Gersten, MD, Hematology/Oncology, Palm Beach Cancer Institute, West Palm Beach, FL. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network; Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

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This page was last updated: May 31, 2013

         
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