Glándulas endocrinas

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Las glándulas endocrinas liberan hormonas en el torrente sanguíneo.

Las glándulas endocrinas abarcan:

  • Las glándulas suprarrenales
  • Los islotes de Langerhans en el páncreas
  • Los ovarios
  • Las glándulas paratiroides
  • La glándula pineal
  • La hipófisis
  • La glándula tiroides

Nombres alternativos


Cuando una glándula libera una sustancia, esto se denomina secreción. La hipersecreción se presenta cuando se liberan demasiadas hormonas, mientras que la hiposecreción sucede cuando se liberan muy pocas hormonas.

Muchos trastornos diferentes pueden resultar de la liberación de demasiadas o de muy pocas hormonas.

A continuación, aparece una lista parcial de las enfermedades que se pueden presentar cuando una glándula particular no produce la cantidad correcta de hormonas.





Testículos y ovarios:

  • Falta de desarrollo sexual (genitales ambiguos)



Kronenberg HM, Melmed S, Larsen PR, Polonsky KS. Principles of endocrinology. In: Kronenberg HM, Melmed S, Polonsky KS, Larsen PR, eds. Williams Textbook of Endocrinology. 11th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2008:chap 1.

Version Info

  • Last Reviewed on 05/01/2011
  • Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington, School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

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This page was last updated: May 31, 2013

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