Flegmasía cerúlea dolorosa

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Definición

Es una forma grave y rara de trombosis venosa profunda (coágulos en la vena), generalmente en la parte superior de la pierna.

Nombres alternativos

Causas

Flegmasía alba dolorosa

Síntomas

Dolor, hinchazón y coloración azulosa de la piel que afecta el área por debajo de la vena bloqueada.

Pruebas y exámenes

Para obtener información sobre el diagnóstico, ver trombosis venosa profunda.

Tratamiento

Para obtener información sobre el tratamiento, ver trombosis venosa profunda.

Grupos de apoyo

Expectativas (pronóstico)

Posibles complicaciones

La continua coagulación puede llevar a que se presente aumento de la hinchazón, lo cual puede interferir con el flujo sanguíneo. Esta complicación se denomina flegmasía alba dolorosa o leucoflegmasía dolorosa. Esto provoca que la piel se torne de color blanco. La flegmasía alba dolorosa puede llevar a que se presente necrosis (gangrena) y la necesidad de amputación.

Cuándo contactar a un profesional médico

Busque asistencia médica inmediata si presenta hinchazón severa, dolor o coloración azulosa en una pierna o en un brazo.

Prevención

Referencias

Ginsberg J. Peripheral venous disease. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 81.

Version Info

  • Last reviewed on 3/14/2012
  • David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Yi-Bin Chen, MD, Leukemia/Bone Marrow Transplant Program, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.

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This page was last updated: May 20, 2014

         
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