Enteropatía perdedora de proteínas

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Definición

Es una pérdida anormal de proteínas del tubo digestivo o la incapacidad de éste para absorber las proteínas.

Nombres alternativos

Causas

Hay muchas causas de la enteropatía perdedora de proteínas. Cualquier afección que cause inflamación seria en los intestinos puede llevar a pérdida de proteínas. Algunas de las causas más comunes son:

Síntomas

Pruebas y exámenes

Se pueden hacer exámenes imagenológicos para ver si hay un problema en el tubo digestivo. Esto puede incluir una tomografía computarizada del abdomen o un estudio del tránsito esofagogastroduodenal.

Otros exámenes que se pueden hacer abarcan:

  • Colonoscopia
  • Esofagogastroduodenoscopia (EGD)
  • Biopsia del intestino delgado
  • Examen de alfa-1-antitripsina 

Tratamiento

Grupos de apoyo

Expectativas (pronóstico)

Posibles complicaciones

Cuándo contactar a un profesional médico

Prevención

Referencias

Greenwald DA. Protein losing enteropathy. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ eds. Sleisenger & Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2010:chap 28.

Semrad CE. Approach to the patient with diarrhea and malabsorption. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 142.

Version Info

  • Last reviewed on 8/10/2012
  • David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. George F. Longstreth, MD, Department of Gastroenterology, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, San Diego, California. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.

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This page was last updated: May 20, 2014

         
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