Distrofias coroideas

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Definición

Es un trastorno del ojo que involucra la

, una capa de vasos sanguíneos entre la y la .

La distrofia coroidea generalmente se debe a un gen anormal, el cual se transmite de padres a hijos. Casi siempre afecta a los hombres, comenzando en la niñez.

Los primeros síntomas son pérdida de la visión periférica y pérdida de la visión en la noche. Un cirujano oftalmólogo que se especialice en la parte posterior del ojo (retinólogo) puede diagnosticar este trastorno.

Nombres alternativos

Causas

Síntomas

Pruebas y exámenes

Se pueden necesitar los siguientes exámenes para diagnosticar la afección.

Tratamiento

Grupos de apoyo

Pronóstico

Posibles complicaciones

Cuándo contactar a un profesional médico

Prevención

Referencias

Grover S, Fishman GA. Choroidal dystrophies. In: Yanoff M, Duker JS, eds. Ophthalmology. 3rd ed. St. Louis, Mo: Mosby Elsevier; 2008:chap 6.

Version Info

  • Last reviewed on 10/26/2011
  • Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington, School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

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This page was last updated: May 20, 2014

         
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