Dermatitis exfoliativa

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Definición

La dermatitis exfoliativa es una descamación generalizada de la piel, generalmente con picazón (prurito), enrojecimiento cutáneo (eritrodermia) y caída del cabello.

Nombres alternativos

Eritrodermia; Dermatitis de tipo exfoliativo

Causas

Puede presentarse en casos graves de muchas afecciones cutáneas comunes, como eccema y psoriasis. Algunas veces es causada por una alergia a fármacos.

Síntomas

Pruebas y exámenes

Tratamiento

Una persona con eritrodermia o dermatitis exfoliativa a menudo necesita atención hospitalaria o ingreso a una unidad de cuidados intensivos para quemaduras.

Grupos de apoyo

Expectativas (pronóstico)

Posibles complicaciones

Cuándo contactar a un profesional médico

Prevención

Referencias

Habif TP. Exanthems and drug eruptions. In: Habif TP, ed. Clinical Dermatology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2009: chap 14.

 

Usatine RP, Krejci-Manwaring J. Dermatology. In: Rakel RE, ed.Textbook of Family Medicine. 8th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 33.

Version Info

  • Last Reviewed on 02/12/2012
  • Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

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This page was last updated: May 31, 2013

         
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