Cambios miopáticos

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Definición

Hacen referencia a la debilidad o los resultados de una biopsia que sugieren la presencia de un trastorno muscular, el cual puede ser hereditario,como una distrofia muscular, o adquirido, como una miopatía alcohólica.

Causas

Síntomas

El síntoma principal es la debilidad.

Otros síntomas abarcan calambres y rigidez.

Pruebas y exámenes

Una electromiografía puede confirmar la presencia de una miopatía.

Algunas veces, se hace una biopsia del músculo. Esto permite examinar una muestra de tejido bajo un microscopio y puede confirmar una enfermedad específica.

Tratamiento

El tratamiento depende de la causa y normalmente incluye:

  • Uso de dispositivos ortopédicos
  • Medicación
  • Fisioterapia
  • Evitar que la afección empeore
  • Cirugía (algunas veces)

Grupos de apoyo

Expectativas (pronóstico)

Posibles complicaciones

Cuándo contactar a un profesional médico

Prevención

Referencias

Chinnery PF. Muscle diseases. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 429.

Version Info

  • Last Reviewed on 02/05/2012
  • David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; Luc Jasmin, MD, PhD, Department of Neurosurgery at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, and Department of Anatomy at UCSF, San Francisco, CA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.

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This page was last updated: May 31, 2013

         
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