Cabeceo

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Definición

Es un trastorno que afecta a los bebés y niños pequeños. Consiste en movimientos oculares rápidos e incontrolables, meneo de la cabeza y, ocasionalmente, posición anormal del cuello.

Ver también: nistagmo.

Causas

La mayoría de los casos de cabeceo comienzan entre el cuarto mes y el año de vida y por lo general desaparecen espontáneamente en cuestión de algunos meses a varios años.

La causa se desconoce, aunque puede estar asociada con otras afecciones. Se ha sugerido una asociación con una deficiencia de hierro o de vitamina D. En raras ocasiones, síntomas similares al cabeceo pueden deberse a ciertos tipos de tumores cerebrales u otras afecciones serias. 

Síntomas

  • Movimientos oculares rápidos y pequeños de lado a lado (nistagmo); ambos ojos están involucrados, pero cada ojo puede moverse de manera diferente
  • Cabeceo
  • Inclinación de la cabeza

Pruebas y exámenes

Un examen neurológico confirma la presencia de los síntomas.

Los exámenes pueden ser: 

Tratamiento

benigna

Expectativas (pronóstico)

Posibles complicaciones

Cuándo contactar a un profesional médico

Referencias

Olitsky SE, Hug D, Smith LP. Disorders of eye movement and alignment. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 18th Ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007: chap 622. 

Alper I. Dai, Oguzhan Saygili. Risk Factors in Spasmus Nutans. Adv Clin Exp Med 2011, 20, 2, 183–186.                                                                                                                                                                                     

Version Info

  • Last reviewed on 5/28/2013
  • Luc Jasmin, MD, PhD, FRCS (C), FACS, Department of Neurosurgery at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles CA; Department of Surgery at Los Robles Hospital, Thousand Oaks CA; Department of Surgery at Ashland Community Hospital, Ashland OR; Department of Surgery at Cheyenne Regional Medical Center, Cheyenne WY; Department of Anatomy at UCSF, San Francisco CA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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This page was last updated: May 20, 2014

         
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