Aspiración

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Definición

Aspiración significa introducir o extraer usando un movimiento de succión. Tiene dos significados:

  • Aspiración puede significar inhalación de un objeto extraño (como aspiración de alimentos hacia las vías respiratorias).
  • El término también puede referirse a un procedimiento médico para la extracción de algo de un área del cuerpo. Estas sustancias pueden ser aire, líquidos corporales o fragmentos óseos. Un ejemplo es la extracción de líquido ascítico del abdomen.

La aspiración como procedimiento médico también se puede usar para extraer muestras de tejidos para una biopsia, algunas veces llamada biopsia o aspirado por punción, por ejemplo, la aspiración de una lesión mamaria.

Nombres alternativos

Referencias

O’Donnell AE. Bronchiectasis, atelectasis, cysts, and localized lung disorders. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 90.

Martin P. Approach to the patient with liver disease. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 148.

Davidson N. Breast cancer and differential diagnosis of benign lesions. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 204.

Version Info

  • Last Reviewed on 11/04/2012
  • David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, David R. Eltz, and Stephanie Slon.

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This page was last updated: May 31, 2013

         
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