Apoplejía

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Definición

Es un sangrado dentro de un órgano o pérdida de la circulación hacia un órgano. Por ejemplo, la apoplejía suprarrenal es un sangrado dentro de las glándulas suprarrenales; la apoplejía hipofisaria es un sangrado dentro de la hipófisis, etc.

Cuando la palabra apoplejía (sin especificar órgano alguno) se utiliza sola, a menudo se refiere a síntomas de accidente cerebrovascular que se presentan de manera súbita. Dichos síntomas pueden ser causados por sangrado intracerebral o por un coágulo de sangre en un vaso sanguíneo del cerebro. Afecciones tales como la 

o el  algunas veces se denominan apoplejía.

La apoplejía funcional se produce cuando una persona parece estar teniendo síntomas similares a un accidente cerebrovascular, pero no hay ninguna anomalía en el cerebro.

Nombres alternativos

Causas

Síntomas

Pruebas y exámenes

Tratamiento

Grupos de apoyo

Pronóstico

Posibles complicaciones

Cuándo contactar a un profesional médico

Prevención

Referencias

Zivin JA. Approach to cerebrovascular disease. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 413.

Zull D. Thyroid and adrenal disorders. In: Marx JA, Hockberger RS, Walls RM, et al, eds. Rosen’s Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2009:chap 126.

Version Info

  • Last reviewed on 8/11/2013
  • Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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This page was last updated: May 20, 2014

         
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