Acidosis láctica

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Definición

Se presenta cuando el ácido láctico, que es producido cuando los niveles de oxígeno en el cuerpo caen, se acumula en el torrente sanguíneo más rápido de lo que puede ser eliminado.

Nombres alternativos

Causas

La causa más común de la acidosis láctica es el ejercicio intenso. Sin embargo, también puede ser causada por ciertas enfermedades como:

Un medicamento común utilizado para tratar la diabetes, denominado metformina, también puede causar acidosis láctica. Si usted toma este medicamento, hágase revisar los niveles de electrólitos de 1 a 2 semanas después de comenzarlo.

Síntomas

  • Náuseas
  • Debilidad

Pruebas y exámenes

  • Exámenes de sangre para verificar los niveles de electrolitos

Tratamiento

El tratamiento principal para la acidosis láctica es corregir el problema de salud que causa esta afección.

Grupos de apoyo

Expectativas (pronóstico)

Posibles complicaciones

Cuándo contactar a un profesional médico

Prevención

Referencias

Seifter JL. Acid-base disorders. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap120.

Collings JL. Acid-base disorders. In: Marx JA, Hockberger RS, Walls RM, et al, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa:Mosby Elsevier;2009:chap 122.

Version Info

  • Last reviewed on 10/14/2012
  • Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, David R. Eltz, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.

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This page was last updated: May 20, 2014

         
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