Thyroidectomy - series

Normal anatomy

Normal anatomy

The thyroid gland, a part of the endocrine (hormone ) system, plays a major role in regulating the body's metabolism.

Indications

Indications

Removal of the thyroid may be recommended for:

  • Excessive thyroid function (hyperthyroidism; thyrotoxicosis)
  • Cancer of the thyroid
  • Enlargement of the thyroid (goiter)

Incision

Incision

While the patient is deep asleep and pain-free (general anesthesia), an incision is made in the front of the neck.

Procedure

Procedure

The thyroid gland is removed. Either one lobe of the thyroid gland, or the entire gland, is removed, depending on the disease process being treated.

Aftercare

Aftercare

The results of thyroid surgery are usually excellent. Monitoring of thyroid hormone production may continue for some months after the operation. Patients need to take supplemental thyroid hormone for life after complete thyroidectomy.

Version Info

  • Last Reviewed on 01/18/2013
  • Harvey Simon, MD, Editor-in-Chief, Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Physician, Massachusetts General Hospital.

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This page was last updated: July 2, 2013

         
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