Schizophrenia - paranoid type

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Definition

Paranoid type schizophrenia is a mental illness that involves false beliefs of being persecuted or plotted against.

Alternative Names

Paranoid schizophrenia

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Symptoms

People with paranoid schizophrenia may have mistaken beliefs (delusions) that one or more people are plotting against them or their loved ones. It is difficult or impossible for others to convince them that they are not the target of a plot. People with this condition may spend a lot of time thinking about how to protect themselves from the person or people they believe are trying to harm them.

Other symptoms may include:

  • Becoming socially isolated
  • Feeling tense, suspicious, guarded, and reserved
  • Having an exaggerated sense of self importance (grandiose delusions)
  • Having unrealistic feelings of jealousy (delusional jealousy)
  • "Hearing things" (auditory hallucinations)

Paranoid schizophrenia usually does not involve the disorganized speech and behavior that is seen in other types of schizophrenia.

See: Schizophrenia for more information about schizophrenia and its treatment.

Signs and tests

Treatment

Support Groups

Expectations (prognosis)

Complications

Calling your health care provider

Prevention

References

Addington D, Bouchard RH, Goldberg J, Honer B, Malla A, Norman R, Tempier R. Clinical practice guidelines: treatment of schizophrenia. Can J Psychiatry. 2005;50:7s-57s.

International early psychosis association writing group. International clinical practice guidelines for early psychosis. Br J Psychiatry. 2005;187:s120-s124.

Version Info

  • Last reviewed on 3/7/2012
  • Fred K. Berger, MD, Addiction and Forensic Psychiatrist, Scripps Memorial Hospital, La Jolla, California. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.

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This page was last updated: April 14, 2014

         
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