Zonisamide (By mouth)

Introduction

Zonisamide (zoe-NIS-a-mide)

Treats partial seizures in adults with epilepsy. May be used together with other anti-seizure medicines. Belongs to a class of drugs called sulfonamides (sulfa drugs).

Brand Name(s)

Zonegran

There may be other brand names for this medicine.

When This Medicine Should Not Be Used

Do not use this medicine if you have had an allergic reaction to zonisamide or other sulfa drugs (such as sulfamethoxazole, sulfasalazine, sulfisoxazole, Azulfidine®, Bactrim®, or Septra®).

How to Use This Medicine

Capsule, Tablet

  • Your doctor will tell you how much of this medicine to use and how often. Your dose may need to be changed several times in order to find out what works best for you. Do not use more medicine or use it more often than your doctor tells you to.
  • Swallow the capsule whole. Do not break, chew, or open it.
  • Drink extra fluids so you will pass more urine while you are using this medicine. This will keep your kidneys working well and help prevent kidney problems.
  • This medicine should come with a Medication Guide. Read and follow these instructions carefully. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions. Ask your pharmacist for the Medication Guide if you do not have one.

If a dose is missed:

  • If you miss a dose or forget to use your medicine, use it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to use the medicine and skip the missed dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up for a missed dose.

How to Store and Dispose of This Medicine

  • Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light.
  • Ask your pharmacist, doctor, or health caregiver about the best way to dispose of any outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
  • Keep all medicine away from children and never share your medicine with anyone.

Drugs and Foods to Avoid

Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.

  • Make sure your doctor knows if you are also using acetazolamide (Diamox®), atropine, dichlorphenamide (Daranide®), dicyclomine (Bentyl®), dorzolamide (Trusopt®), glycopyrrolate (Robinul®), hyoscyamine (Cystospaz®), propantheline (Pro-Banthine®), scopolamine (Transderm Scop®), topiramate (Topamax®), or other seizure medicines (such as carbamazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, valproate, Dilantin®, or Tegretol®).
  • Tell your doctor if you are on a ketogenic diet (high-fat, adequate-protein, low-carbohydrate diet).
  • Do not drink alcohol while you are using this medicine.
  • Tell your doctor if you are using any medicines that make you sleepy. These include sleeping pills, cold and allergy medicine, narcotic pain relievers, and sedatives.

Warnings While Using This Medicine

  • Make sure your doctor knows if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. Tell your doctor if you have kidney disease, liver disease, bone problems (such as osteoporosis), breathing or lung problems, a history of metabolic acidosis, or a history of mood problems or depression.
  • This medicine may cause rare side effects that can be very serious. Call your doctor right away if you develop a skin rash, fever, sore throat, sores in your mouth, or easy bruising.
  • Serious skin reactions can occur with this medicine. Check with your doctor right away if you have blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin, red skin lesions, severe acne or skin rash, sores or ulcers on the skin, or fever or chills.
  • This medicine may make you sweat less, which causes your body temperature to increase. Use extra care not to become overheated during exercise or hot weather.
  • This medicine may cause some people to have suicidal thoughts and tendencies or to become more depressed. If you notice these side effects or any unusual changes in behavior or mood, tell your doctor right away.
  • Do not stop using this medicine suddenly without asking your doctor. You may need to slowly decrease your dose before stopping it completely.Stopping this medicine all at once could cause you to have seizures.
  • This medicine may make you dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive, use machines, or do anything else that could be dangerous until you know how this medicine affects you.
  • Check with your doctor right away if you have sudden back pain, stomach pain, or bloody or dark urine. These may be symptoms of kidney stones.
  • Call your doctor right away if you have fast breathing, loss of appetite, unusual tiredness or weakness, or a fast, pounding, or uneven heartbeat. These may be symptoms of metabolic acidosis.
  • This medicine may affect your child's growth. Your doctor may need to check your child's height and weight during treatment with this medicine.
  • Your doctor will need to check your blood at regular visits while you are using this medicine. Be sure to keep all appointments.

Possible Side Effects While Using This Medicine

Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:

  • Allergic reaction: Itching or hives, swelling in your face or hands, swelling or tingling in your mouth or throat, chest tightness, trouble breathing
  • Black, tarry stools
  • Blistering, peeling, red skin rash
  • Changes in behavior, or thoughts of hurting yourself or others
  • Decreased sweating
  • Fast breathing, loss of appetite, unusual tiredness or weakness, or a fast, pounding, or uneven heartbeat
  • Feeling agitated, depressed, nervous, or irritable
  • Fever, chills, cough, sore throat, and body aches
  • Painful or difficult urination, blood in your urine, or decrease in the amount of urine
  • Sores or ulcers in the mouth or on the lips
  • Sudden and severe back or stomach pain
  • Unusual bleeding or bruising
  • Worsening of seizures

If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:

  • Dizziness, drowsiness, or lack of coordination
  • Problems with speech, balance, or walking
  • Trouble concentrating or remembering things

If you notice other side effects that you think are caused by this medicine, tell your doctor

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088

Version Info

  • Last Reviewed on 06/12/2013

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This page was last updated: June 18, 2013

         
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