Ticagrelor (By mouth)

Introduction

Ticagrelor (tye-KA-grel-or)

Used alone or together with aspirin to help prevent stroke, heart attack, and other heart and blood vessel problems. This medicine is an anti-platelet drug.

Brand Name(s)

Brilinta

There may be other brand names for this medicine.

When This Medicine Should Not Be Used

You should not use this medicine if you have had an allergic reaction to ticagrelor, or if you have active bleeding (such as a bleeding stomach ulcer or a head injury). Do not use this medicine if you have severe liver disease or a history of bleeding in your brain.

How to Use This Medicine

Tablet

  • Your doctor will tell you how much of this medicine to use and how often. Do not use more medicine or use it more often than your doctor tells you to.
  • You may take this medicine with or without food.
  • You may take this medicine with aspirin unless your doctor tells you otherwise.
  • This medicine should come with a Medication Guide. Read and follow these instructions carefully. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions. Ask your pharmacist for the Medication Guide if you do not have one.

If a dose is missed:

  • If you miss a dose of this medicine, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

How to Store and Dispose of This Medicine

  • Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light.
  • Ask your pharmacist, doctor, or health caregiver about the best way to dispose of any outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
  • Keep all medicine away from children and never share your medicine with anyone.

Drugs and Foods to Avoid

Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.

  • Make sure your doctor knows if you are also using medicine to treat HIV/AIDS (such as atazanavir, indinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir, Crixivan®, Fortovase®, Invirase®, Norvir®, or Viracept®), medicine to treat an infection (such as clarithromycin, itraconazole, ketoconazole, telithromycin, voriconazole, Biaxin®, Ketek®, Nizoral®, or Sporanox®), medicine to treat tuberculosis (such as rifampin, Rifadin®, or Rimactane®), medicine to treat seizures (such as carbamazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, Dilantin®, Luminal®, or Tegretol®), medicine to treat depression (such as nefazodone, Serzone®), or a steroid medicine (such as dexamethasone, Decadron®, or Hexadrol®).
  • Talk with your doctor before taking aspirin, any other type of pain or arthritis medicine (such as diclofenac, etodolac, ibuprofen, indomethacin, naproxen, Advil®, Aleve®, Daypro®, Dolobid®, Feldene®, Indocin®, Motrin®, Naprosyn®, Orudis®, Relafen®, or Voltaren®), or other blood thinners (such as heparin, ticlopidine, warfarin, Coumadin®, Jantoven®, or Ticlid®). Tell your doctor if you are also using digoxin (Lanoxin®) or certain medicines to lower cholesterol (such as lovastatin, simvastatin, Altocor®, Mevacor®, or Zocor®).
  • If you are using this medicine for a condition called acute coronary syndrome, your doctor may tell you to take aspirin while you are using ticagrelor. In this case, do not change the dose or stop taking the aspirin without talking to your doctor first.

Warnings While Using This Medicine

  • Make sure your doctor knows if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, or if you have liver disease, lung or breathing problems (such as asthma or COPD), or a history of bleeding problems. Tell your doctor if you plan to have surgery or a dental procedure.
  • While you are using this medicine, if you have any kind of bleeding, it may take longer than usual to stop, especially if you hurt yourself. Stay away from rough sports or other situations where you could be bruised, cut, or injured.
  • You may also have bleeding inside your body and not be aware of it. Tell your doctor if you have any unusual bleeding such as nosebleeds or blood in your urine or stools.
  • Make sure any doctor or dentist who treats you knows that you are using this medicine. You may need to stop using this medicine at least 5 days before having surgery or other procedures (such as coronary stent procedure, dental surgery). Do not stop taking your medicine without your doctor's permission.
  • If you have unexpected or unexplained shortness of breath, difficult or labored breathing, tightness in the chest, or wheezing, tell your doctor right away.
  • Do not stop using this medicine suddenly without asking your doctor. You may need to slowly decrease your dose before stopping it completely. To do so may increase the chance of having a heart attack, blood clotting problems, or other serious conditions.
  • Your doctor will need to check your progress at regular visits while you are using this medicine. Be sure to keep all appointments. Blood tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects.

Possible Side Effects While Using This Medicine

Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:

  • Allergic reaction: Itching or hives, swelling in your face or hands, swelling or tingling in your mouth or throat, chest tightness, trouble breathing
  • Bloody or black, tarry stools.
  • Chest pain (not related to your disease).
  • Fast, slow, or pounding heartbeat.
  • Lightheadedness, dizziness, or fainting.
  • Nosebleeds.
  • Problems with vision, speech, or walking.
  • Red or dark brown urine.
  • Shortness of breath or troubled breathing.
  • Unusual bleeding or bruising.
  • Unusual tiredness or weakness.
  • Vomiting of blood like coffee grounds.

If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:

  • Back pain.
  • Cough.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Headache.

If you notice other side effects that you think are caused by this medicine, tell your doctor

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088

Version Info

  • Last Reviewed on 06/12/2013

A.D.A.M., Inc. is accredited by URAC, also known as the American Accreditation HealthCare Commission (www.urac.org). URAC's accreditation program is an independent audit to verify that A.D.A.M. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. A.D.A.M. is among the first to achieve this important distinction for online health information and services. Learn more about A.D.A.M.'s editorial policy, editorial process and privacy policy. A.D.A.M. is also a founding member of Hi-Ethics and subscribes to the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch)

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- 2013 A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

This page was last updated: September 18, 2013

         
Average rating (0)