Prednisone (By mouth)

Introduction

Prednisone (PRED-ni-sone)

Treats inflammation (swelling), severe allergies, complications of chronic illnesses, and other medical problems. Also used to decrease some symptoms of cancer. This medicine is a steroid.

Brand Name(s)

PredniSONE Intensol, Prednicot, Sterapred DS, Deltasone, Rayos

There may be other brand names for this medicine.

When This Medicine Should Not Be Used

Do not use this medicine if you have had an allergic reaction to prednisone or if you are pregnant.

How to Use This Medicine

Liquid, Tablet, Delayed Release Tablet

  • Your doctor will tell you how much of this medicine to use and how often. Your dose may need to be changed several times in order to find out what works best for you. Do not use more medicine or use it more often than your doctor tells you to.
  • It is best to take this medicine with food or milk.
  • Swallow the delayed-release tablet whole. Do not crush, break, or chew it.
  • Measure the oral liquid medicine with a marked measuring spoon, oral syringe, or medicine cup.

If a dose is missed:

  • If you miss a dose or forget to use your medicine, use it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to use the medicine and skip the missed dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up for a missed dose.

How to Store and Dispose of This Medicine

  • Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Do not freeze the oral liquid.
  • Ask your pharmacist, doctor, or health caregiver about the best way to dispose of any outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
  • Keep all medicine away from children and never share your medicine with anyone.

Drugs and Foods to Avoid

Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.

  • Make sure your doctor knows if you also use aminoglutethimide (Cytadren®), amphotericin B (Fungizone®), carbamazepine (Tegretol®), cholestyramine (Questran®), cyclosporine (Gengraf®, Neoral®, Sandimmune®), digoxin (Digitek®, Lanoxin®), ephedrine (including diet pills), isoniazid (Nydrazid®), ketoconazole (Nizoral®), pancuronium (Pavulon®), phenobarbital, phenytoin (Dilantin®), rifampin (Rifadin®, Rimactane®), certain antibiotics (such as azithromycin, clarithromycin, erythromycin, Zithromax®), or estrogen (including birth control pills and hormone replacement therapy).
  • Tell your doctor if you also use a blood thinner (such as warfarin, Coumadin®, Jantoven®), an NSAID pain or arthritis medicine (such as aspirin, diclofenac, ibuprofen, naproxen, Advil®, Aleve®, Celebrex®, Voltaren®), a diuretic (water pills, such as spironolactone, triamterene Aldactone®), insulin or diabetes medicine that you take by mouth (such as glimepiride, glyburide, metformin, Actos®, Janumet®, Januvia®), or medicine for myasthenia gravis (such as pyridostigmine, Mestinon®, Regonol®).
  • Talk to your doctor before getting flu shots or other vaccines while you are receiving this medicine. Vaccines may not work as well, or they could make you ill while you are using this medicine.

Warnings While Using This Medicine

  • Using this medicine while you are pregnant can harm your unborn baby. Use an effective form of birth control to keep from getting pregnant. If you think you have become pregnant while using the medicine, tell your doctor right away.
  • Make sure your doctor knows if you are breastfeeding or if you have kidney problems, congestive heart failure, high blood pressure, a recent heart attack, adrenal problems (such as Cushing syndrome), diabetes, glaucoma, cataracts, osteoporosis, a herpes simplex eye infection, myasthenia gravis, thyroid problems, a history of tuberculosis, or any other type of infection. Tell your doctor if you have had mental or emotional problems (such as depression) or stomach or bowel problems (such as ulcers, colitis, or diverticulitis).
  • Your risk of adrenal gland problems increases if you use this medicine for a long time or when you are under stress. Talk to your doctor right away if you have more than one of these symptoms while you are using this medicine: blurred vision, dizziness or fainting, a fast, pounding, or uneven heartbeat, increased thirst or urination, or unusual tiredness or weakness. Also tell your doctor about any extra stress or anxiety in your life, including other health concerns and emotional stress. Your dose might need to be changed for a short time.
  • This medicine could cause you to get infections more easily. Tell your doctor right away if you have a fever or other signs of an infection such as fever, chills, headache, swelling, or redness. If you are exposed to chicken pox or measles, tell your doctor right away. Avoid people who are sick, and wash your hands often.
  • This medicine may cause mood or behavior changes. Talk with your doctor if you notice any unusual changes in your mood or behavior, have mood swings, or have trouble sleeping.
  • Tell your doctor if you have any bone pain. If your child is using this medicine, tell the doctor if you think your child is not growing properly. This medicine can cause slow growth in children or osteoporosis in anyone if it is used for a long time.
  • Check with your doctor right away if you have blurred vision, trouble seeing, eye pain, or any other changes in vision. You may need to be checked by an eye doctor.
  • Do not stop using this medicine suddenly without asking your doctor. You may need to slowly decrease your dose before stopping it completely.
  • Make sure any doctor or dentist who treats you knows that you are using this medicine. This medicine may affect the results of certain medical tests.
  • Your doctor will need to check your blood or urine at regular visits while you are using this medicine. Be sure to keep all appointments.

Possible Side Effects While Using This Medicine

Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:

  • Allergic reaction: Itching or hives, swelling in your face or hands, swelling or tingling in your mouth or throat, chest tightness, trouble breathing
  • Color changes on the skin, dark freckles, bruising
  • Depression, unusual thoughts, feelings, or behaviors
  • Fast, slow, or uneven heartbeat
  • Fever, chills, cough, sore throat, and body aches
  • Headache, changes in vision, or eye pain or swelling
  • Lightheadedness, dizziness, or fainting
  • Muscle pain or weakness
  • Numbness, tingling, or burning pain in your hands, arms, legs, or feet
  • Rapid weight gain, swelling in your hands, ankles, or feet
  • Seizures
  • Severe stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, or red or black stools
  • Trouble breathing, cold sweat, bluish-colored skin

If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:

  • Increased appetite
  • Mood changes or trouble sleeping
  • Round, puffy face
  • Weight gain around your neck, upper back, breast, face, or waist

If you notice other side effects that you think are caused by this medicine, tell your doctor

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088

Version Info

  • Last Reviewed on 06/12/2013

A.D.A.M., Inc. is accredited by URAC, also known as the American Accreditation HealthCare Commission (www.urac.org). URAC's accreditation program is an independent audit to verify that A.D.A.M. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. A.D.A.M. is among the first to achieve this important distinction for online health information and services. Learn more about A.D.A.M.'s editorial policy, editorial process and privacy policy. A.D.A.M. is also a founding member of Hi-Ethics and subscribes to the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch)

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- 2013 A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

This page was last updated: September 18, 2013

         
Average rating (0)