Cyclophosphamide (By mouth)

Introduction

Cyclophosphamide (sye-kloe-FOS-fa-mide)

Treats certain types of cancer and other diseases such as nephrotic syndrome (a kidney disorder).

Brand Name(s)

There may be other brand names for this medicine.

When This Medicine Should Not Be Used

You should not use this medicine if you have had an allergic reaction to cyclophosphamide, or if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

How to Use This Medicine

Tablet

  • Your doctor will tell you how much of this medicine to take and how often. Do not take more medicine or take it more often than your doctor tells you to.
  • You may take this medicine with food to avoid stomach upset. Drink extra fluids so you will pass more urine while you are using this medicine. This will keep your kidneys working well and help prevent bladder problems.

If a dose is missed:

  • If you miss a dose or forget to take your medicine, take it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to take the medicine and skip the missed dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up for a missed dose.

How to Store and Dispose of This Medicine

  • Store the medicine at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light.
  • Keep all medicine out of the reach of children and never share your medicine with anyone.

Drugs and Foods to Avoid

Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.

  • Make sure your doctor knows if you are also using allopurinol (Zyloprim®), pentostatin (Nipent®), phenobarbital (Luminal®), succinylcholine (Anectine®), tamoxifen (Nolvadex®), a steroid (such as cortisone, prednisone), or other cancer medicines or radiation (X-ray treatments). Talk to your doctor before getting any vaccines (such as flu shots).

Warnings While Using This Medicine

  • This medicine can cause birth defects if it is used by the mother while she is pregnant or by the father when his sexual partner becomes pregnant. If a pregnancy occurs while you are using this medicine, tell your doctor right away. Use two forms of birth control to avoid pregnancy while you are using this medicine and for at least 6 months after your treatment ends. This is very important whether you are a man or a woman.
  • If you plan to have children, talk with your doctor before using this medicine. Some men and women using this medicine have become infertile (unable to have children).
  • Make sure your doctor knows if you have kidney disease, liver disease, or blood cell or bone marrow disorders. Some patients using this medicine have developed second forms of cancer, even years after stopping the medicine. Talk to your doctor about this risk.
  • Make sure any doctor or dentist who treats you knows that you are using this medicine. You may need to stop using this medicine for several days before having surgery.
  • Your doctor will need to check your blood at regular visits while you are using this medicine. Be sure to keep all appointments.
  • This medicine lowers the number of some types of blood cells in your body. Because of this, you may bleed or get infections more easily. To help with these problems, avoid being near people who are sick or have infections. Wash your hands often. Stay away from rough sports or other situations where you could be bruised, cut, or injured. Brush and floss your teeth gently. Be careful when using sharp objects, including razors and fingernail clippers.

Possible Side Effects While Using This Medicine

Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:

  • Allergic reaction: Itching or hives, swelling in face or hands, swelling or tingling in the mouth or throat, tightness in chest, trouble breathing
  • Blistering, peeling, red skin rash
  • Blood in your urine or stools, painful urination
  • Dark-colored urine or pale stools
  • Fever, chills, cough, sore throat
  • Unusual bleeding, bruising, or weakness
  • Yellow eyes or skin

If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:

  • Changes in your menstrual periods
  • Hair loss, or changes in the color of your skin or nails
  • Nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite
  • Sores or white patches in your mouth or throat

If you notice other side effects that you think are caused by this medicine, tell your doctor

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088

Version Info

  • Last Reviewed on 06/12/2013

A.D.A.M., Inc. is accredited by URAC, also known as the American Accreditation HealthCare Commission (www.urac.org). URAC's accreditation program is an independent audit to verify that A.D.A.M. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. A.D.A.M. is among the first to achieve this important distinction for online health information and services. Learn more about A.D.A.M.'s editorial policy, editorial process and privacy policy. A.D.A.M. is also a founding member of Hi-Ethics and subscribes to the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch)

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- 2013 A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

This page was last updated: June 18, 2013

         
Average rating (0)