Cardiovascular medications - beta-blockers
- Acebutolol -- Sectral
- Atenolol -- Tenormin
- Betaxolol -- Betoptic, Betoptic S, Kerlone
- Bisoprolol -- Zebeta
- Carteolol -- Cartrol Oral, Ocupress Ophthalmic
- Celiprolol -- Celol
- Esmolol -- Brevibloc
- Labetalol -- Normodyne, Trandate
- Levobetaxolol -- Betaxon
- Levobunolol -- Betagan
- Metipranolol -- Optipranolol
- Metoprolol -- Lopressor, Toprol XL
- Nadolol -- Corgard
- Penbutolol -- Levatol
- Pindolol -- Visken
- Propranolol -- Inderal, Inderal LA
- Sotalol -- Betapace AF, Betapace
- Timolol -- Betimol, Blocadren, Timoptic-XE, Timoptic, Timoptic OcuDose
A deficiency of the antioxidant coenzyme Q10 may be associated with chronic conditions including heart disease and high blood pressure. Symptoms of deficiency include muscle weakness and pain, gingivitis, and weakened immune function.Melatonin
Reduced levels of melatonin in the body have been associated with sleep disturbances and jet lag. Some clinicians report wide-ranging symptoms associated with melatonin deficiency, including problems with hormonal function and fertility. Other problems may include immunological and blood clotting issues.Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)
Symptoms of depleted levels of thiamine include weakness, fatigue, anorexia, constipation, memory loss, confusion, and depression. Deficiency may lead to beriberi, a condition characterized by inflammation of nerves, heart irregularities, and fluid retention.Vitamin D
Vitamin D deficiency leads to abnormal bone formation (rickets) in children and softening of the bones (osteomalacia) in adults. Vitamin D deficiency interferes with calcium absorption, leading to increased risk of fractures, osteoporosis (bone loss), and muscle weakness. More recently, vitamin D deficiency has been linked to compromised immunity, cancer, and other chronic conditions. Since this nutrient is fat soluble, prolonged periods of deficiency are required to produce these symptoms.
The selected depletions information presented here identifies nutrients that may be depleted by certain medications. If you are experiencing any of the signs or symptoms mentioned, it does not necessarily mean you are nutrient deficient. Nutrient depletion depends upon a number of factors, including your medical history, diet, and lifestyle, as well as the length of time you have been taking the medication. Please consult your health care provider. He or she can best assess your health care needs and determine whether you are at risk for nutrient depletions from these medications, as well as others not listed here.
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- Last reviewed on 9/21/2014
- Steven D. Ehrlich, NMD, Solutions Acupuncture, a private practice specializing in complementary and alternative medicine, Phoenix, AZ. Review provided by VeriMed HealthCare Network. Also reviewed by the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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