Antibiotic medications - sulfa drugs
Sulfa drugs include:
- Co-Trimoxazole (Septrin)
- Sulfamethoxazole (Gantanol)
- Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Bactrim DS, and Septra)
- Trimethoprim (Trimpex, Proloprim, and Primsol)
Probiotics are "good" bacteria that live in your intestine and help your body fight infections and diseases. They also may help you digest food. Two of these bacteria are called Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium bifidum. If you do not have enough probiotics in your gut, you may have:
- Stomach problems
- Yeast infections
- More serious infections in your intestine
Insufficient "good" bacteria may increase the risk of allergies, and possibly, even obesity.
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
Symptoms of vitamin B2 deficiency may include:
- Cracks at the corners of the mouth
- Scaly skin
- A red and inflamed tongue
- Swollen mouth or throat
- Bloodshot eyes that are sensitive to light
Vitamin B9 (Folic Acid)
Low levels of folic acid have been linked to:
- Heart disease
- Birth defects
- Colon cancer
Symptoms may include fatigue, mouth sores, swollen tongue, depression, and poor growth.
Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)
Noticeable symptoms of a vitamin B12 deficiency can take years to show up. Irritability, weakness, numbness, anemia, loss of appetite, headache, personality changes, and confusion are some of the signs and symptoms associated with very low levels of vitamin B12. Low levels of this vitamin may also be associated with an increased risk of:
- Colon cancer
- Heart disease
- Brain problems
- Birth defects
Vitamin H (Biotin)
Low levels of biotin are linked with:
- Dry skin
- Hair that breaks easily
- Hair loss
- Depression or altered mental status
- Nausea and vomiting
- Loss of appetite
- Muscle pain
The major symptom of vitamin K deficiency is that your blood does not clot as it should. You might notice that you bruise easily or have nosebleeds or bleeding gums. Women may have heavy periods. Lack of vitamin K may also cause internal bleeding, which can be life threatening.
The information presented here covers some of the nutrients that may be affected when you take certain medications. If you have the signs and symptoms listed, it does not always mean you have low levels of these nutrients. Many things affect the level of nutrients, including your:
- Medical history
As well as how long you have been taking the medication. Please talk with your health care provider. They can best address your health care needs and see if you are at risk for low levels of any nutrients.
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- Last reviewed on 8/27/2014
- Steven D. Ehrlich, NMD, Solutions Acupuncture, a private practice specializing in complementary and alternative medicine, Phoenix, AZ. Review provided by VeriMed HealthCare Network. Also reviewed by the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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