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Es cuando una mujer desarrolla características sexuales masculinas o un niño recién nacido que tiene aumento de las características masculinas al nacer.

Nombres alternativos


La virilización puede ser causada por:

  • Exceso de producción de testosterona
  • Uso de esteroides anabolizantes

En las niñas recién nacidas, la afección puede ser causada por:

  • Ciertos medicamentos que la madre tomó durante el embarazo
  • Hiperplasia suprarrenal congénita en el bebé o la madre
  • Otras afecciones médicas en la madre (como tumores de los ovarios o glándulas suprarrenales que liberan hormonas masculinas)

Los signos de virilización en una mujer pueden abarcar:

Los exámenes pueden abarcar:


Bright TM. Hirsutism and virilization. In: McDermott MT, ed. Endocrine Secrets. 6th ed. Phildelphia, Pa: Elsevier Saunders; 2013:chap 48.

Stewart PM. The adrenal cortex. In: Kronenberg HM, Shlomo M, Polonsky KS, Larsen PR, eds. Williams Textbook of Endocrinology. 11th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier Saunders; 2008:chap 14.

Styne DM, Grumbach MM. Puberty: ontogeny, neuroendocrinology, physiology, and disorders. In: In: Kronenberg HM, Shlomo M, Polonsky KS, Larsen PR, eds. Williams Textbook of Endocrinology. 11th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier;2008:chap 24.

Version Info

  • Last reviewed on 5/24/2013
  • Brent Wisse, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology & Nutrition, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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This page was last updated: May 20, 2014

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