Terapia con láser

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Definición

Es cualquier tratamiento que utiliza haces intensos de luz para hacer cortes, cauterizar o destruir un tejido con precisión. El término láser es el acrónimo en inglés de "amplificación de luz mediante emisión estimulada de radiación".

Nombres alternativos

Información

El haz de luz láser se genera a partir de fuentes de radiación tan pequeñas y seguras que no ofrecen riesgos para la salud del paciente ni del equipo médico.

Los láseres se pueden utilizar para muchos propósitos médicos. Debido a que el haz de luz láser es tan pequeño y preciso, permite a los médicos tratar un tejido específico de una forma segura, sin lesionar el área circundante. Los láseres se pueden usar para extirpar tumores o cauterizar vasos sanguíneos.

Los láseres también se pueden emplear durante los siguientes procedimientos:

Referencias

Garrett CG, Ossoff RH, Reinisch L. Laser surgery: basic principles and safety considerations. In: Cummings CW, Flint PW, Haughey BH, et al, eds. Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2010:chap 3.

Version Info

  • Last Reviewed on 08/14/2012
  • Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.

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This page was last updated: May 31, 2013

         
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