Mácula lútea

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Definición

Cuando un ojo está mirando directamente a un objeto, los rayos de luz del objeto se enfocan en la máculea lútea, una mancha  amarilla ovalada en el centro de la retina (fondo del ojo). Es la parte de la retina responsable de la visión central detallada y aguda (también llamada agudeza visual). La mácula lútea, también denominada fóvea, contiene una concentración muy alta de conos, las células fotosensibles en la retina que proporcionan la visión central detallada.

Nombres alternativos

Mácula; Fóvea, (mácula lútea es la palabra en latín para "mancha amarilla")

Información

Referencias

Chin EK, Pilli S, Nguyen DH, Park SS. The anatomy and cell biology of the retina. In: Tasman W, Jaeger EA, eds. Duane's Foundations of Clinical Ophthalmology. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2013:chap 19.

Yanoff M, Cameron D. Diseases of the visual system. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 431.

Version Info

  • Last reviewed on 11/12/2013
  • Franklin W. Lusby, MD, Ophthalmologist, Lusby Vision Institute, La Jolla, California. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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This page was last updated: May 20, 2014

         
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