Fibrinólisis primaria o secundaria

Toggle: English / Spanish

Definición

Es un proceso corporal normal que impide que los coágulos sanguíneos que ocurren en forma natural crezcan y causen problemas.

La fibrinólisis primaria se refiere a la descomposición normal de los coágulos.

La fibrinólisis secundaria es la descomposición de los coágulos sanguíneos debido a un trastorno médico, un medicamento u otra causa. Esto puede provocar sangrado intenso.

Nombres alternativos

Fibrinólisis primaria; Fibrinólisis secundaria

Causas

Los coágulos de sangre en una proteína llamada fibrina. La descomposición de la fibrina (fibrinólisis) puede incrementarse bajo ciertas condiciones, tales como:

  • Infecciones bacterianas
  • Cáncer
  • Ejercicio intenso
  • Oxigenación insuficiente a los tejidos

Algunas veces, se pueden administrar medicamentos para ayudar a que los coágulos sanguíneos se descompongan más rápidamente. Por ejemplo, si un coágulo provoca un ataque cardíaco.

Síntomas

Pruebas y exámenes

Tratamiento

Grupos de apoyo

Expectativas (pronóstico)

Posibles complicaciones

Cuándo contactar a un profesional médico

Prevención

Referencias

Schafer AI. Hemorrhagic disorders: Disseminated intravascular coagulation, liver failure, and vitamin K deficiency. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 178.

Version Info

  • Last reviewed on 3/14/2012
  • David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Yi-Bin Chen, MD, Leukemia/Bone Marrow Transplant Program, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.

A.D.A.M., Inc. is accredited by URAC, also known as the American Accreditation HealthCare Commission (www.urac.org). URAC's accreditation program is an independent audit to verify that A.D.A.M. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. A.D.A.M. is among the first to achieve this important distinction for online health information and services. Learn more about A.D.A.M.'s editorial policy, editorial process and privacy policy. A.D.A.M. is also a founding member of Hi-Ethics and subscribes to the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch)

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- 2013 A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

This page was last updated: May 20, 2014

         
Average rating (1)