Examen físico

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Definición

Durante un examen físico (exploración física), el médico estudia su cuerpo para determinar si usted tiene o no un problema físico.

Un examen físico por lo general comprende:

  • Inspección (observar el cuerpo).
  • Palpación (sentir el cuerpo con los dedos o las manos).
  • Auscultación (escuchar los sonidos).
  • Percusión (producir sonidos, generalmente dando golpes suaves en áreas específicas del cuerpo).

Nombres alternativos

Información

Referencias

Simel DL. Approach to the patient: history and physical examination.In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman’s Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 6.

Version Info

  • Last reviewed on 1/21/2013
  • Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, David R. Eltz, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.

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This page was last updated: May 20, 2014

         
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