Anaerobio

Toggle: English / Spanish

Definición

Anaerobio significa "sin oxígeno". El término tiene muchos usos en medicina.

Las bacterias anaerobias son capaces de sobrevivir y multiplicarse en ambientes que no tienen oxígeno. Esto las lleva a ocasionar tipos de enfermedades como tétanos y gangrena.

El ejercicio anaeróbico, como levantamiento de pesas, utiliza la energía producida por el metabolismo del cuerpo que no requiere oxígeno. Esto genera ácido láctico y generalmente no se puede sostener por mucho tiempo. 

Las enfermedades en las que el paciente tiene deficiencia de oxígeno pueden forzar al cuerpo a utilizar el metabolismo anaerobio, generando químicos nocivos. Esto puede ocurrir en todos los tipos de shock.

Anaerobio (anaeróbico) es lo contrario de aerobio.

Nombres alternativos

Información

Referencias

Version Info

  • Last reviewed on 4/18/2013
  • David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.

A.D.A.M., Inc. is accredited by URAC, also known as the American Accreditation HealthCare Commission (www.urac.org). URAC's accreditation program is an independent audit to verify that A.D.A.M. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. A.D.A.M. is among the first to achieve this important distinction for online health information and services. Learn more about A.D.A.M.'s editorial policy, editorial process and privacy policy. A.D.A.M. is also a founding member of Hi-Ethics and subscribes to the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch)

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- 2013 A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

This page was last updated: May 20, 2014

         
Average rating (3)