Tabaquismo

Los pulmones son los órganos principales de la respiración. Funcionan como filtros del aire inhalado y normalmente son de un color rosa saludable. Si filtran humo del aire que se inhala, puede resultar dañado el tejido pulmonar, tal como se observa en el pulmón de un fumador.

A medida que transcurre el tiempo, las moléculas de carbono del humo inspirado se depositan en el tejido pulmonar y lo ennegrecen. Con el paso de los años, fumar puede conllevar la formación de tumores y otras afecciones pulmonares.

Además, se ha relacionado el tabaquismo con enfermedades que afectan el sistema cardiovascular, tales como ateroesclerosis, que pueden derivar en ataques cerebrales o cardíacos.

Version Info

  • Last reviewed on 10/4/2008
  • Andrew Schriber, MD, FCCP, Specialist in Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Virtua Memorial Hospital, Mount Holly, New Jersey. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.

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This page was last updated: May 20, 2014

         
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